Considering hiking a section of the Appalachian Trail? A thru-hiker’s thoughts

Tags: , , , — Jeff @ 09:30

I was recently asked by a friend considering hiking a section of the Appalachian Trail for suggestions regarding which section to hike. Judging by search queries which hit this site it seems reasonable to think that a response might be generally useful to a general web audience, so I’m posting mine here for the benefit of all. Everyone who backpacks does so differently, with an eye to different things, so keep in mind this is a very biased view toward what I remember and what I liked, colored by my experiences meeting people on the trail and in nearby hiker hostels. I’m sure there are some masochists who would love to backpack for a week in Maine if they were looking to backpack a section of the A.T., but I doubt the average reader is one of them. Also keep in mind it’s a thru-hiker’s reminiscences; don’t expect to cover the ground I did with the ease with which I covered it. That said, I do think Massachusetts through the start of Virginia really is pretty flat and don’t think that’s bias except in the sense of having the experience of seeing the rest of the trail.


Maine is pretty rugged and remote, which makes it more of a pain to travel through. Maine also doesn’t know about switchbacks. No, I’m not kidding; the first one I remember seeing was about 350 miles into the trail out of Maine and in the White Mountains. Mainiacs and the Maine Appalachian Trail Club just don’t care (or, more likely, they just don’t know that the idea of a switchback even exists 😛 ) — they like their trails to go straight up the sides of mountains. That said, if you’re willing to put up with constant elevation changes in short distances, there are some nice views and summits through it. You can’t get especially far through it in a short hike, tho, so I’d probably avoid it.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire has the White Mountains; they’re cool, but the trail goes through an area in which the Appalachian Mountain Club has a monopoly on camping space, and they charge you for it. The spots aren’t well spaced, either, so it takes a bit of effort to get from site to site if you’re backpacking. They cater to, er, “rich weekenders” who then stay at their “huts” with minimal amenities and food provided at $100+ a night, hiking between huts during the day; backpackers are second-class citizens at best (especially if you’re not a thru-hiker). South of Glencliff and the end of the Whites is kind of nice, but it’s nothing special; my best memories of it were for the Dartmouth Outing Club that maintains that section. They were awesome, but the trail through there isn’t very noteworthy otherwise.


Vermont was my favorite state of the trail. It was a bit muddy and rainy when I went through, but otherwise you have nice forests to walk through, good views, and reasonable trail without the ridiculous inclines of Maine. Depending how far or much you want to hike, another alternative to hiking a section of the Appalachian Trail is to hike the Long Trail (or a section of it), which goes ~280 miles from the MAVT border up to Canada. The first hundred miles of that heading north are shared with the A.T. (so you could hike a section of both!), and I suspect someday I’ll head up to VT and hike it in a long vacation.


Massachusetts has good blueberries around mid- to late-summer, but it’s not a very remote section of trail. Upper Goose Pond Cabin is not to be missed, particularly if you’re a thru-hiker, the Shays Rebellion monument is cool, and the last ten miles or so along a ridge has a great view, but it’s not that much of a state for the A.T. overall. It’s also hyper-paranoid about campfires and camping, so you’re stuck to camping only in designated sites rather than having the flexibility to bivouac — and no campfires in the state along the trail.

Starting with Massachusetts and going through into Virginia is the flattest section of the trail with especially easy hiking. It’s also not a very remote section of the trail, so if you want to get away from civilization it’s not the best way to do it. That said, you’re away from most people and most civilization, so it’s not at all bad; I never felt I was around too many people.


CT doesn’t have much trail, and it has the same camping/campfire paranoia. The only real noteworthy thing I saw there was a rattlesnake, but those are easy enough to find in other sections of trail at the right times of the year. Again, as mentioned previously, it’s also pretty flat.

New York

New York is pretty short; most of it felt like walking over rolling hills with large, sparsely placed rocks. It restricts camping to sites and campfires to established spots at designated campsites (only the latter of which I find reasonable). I didn’t think NY was that great for its A.T. section, personally. If you arrive during business hours (my guidebook said I did, the employees said I didn’t, guess which suit was trump) you literally walk the trail through a zoo, but that’s a novelty, not a selling point for choosing to hike there.

New Jersey

New Jersey is also short and very flat. The highest point in the state is just off the trail, around 1500 feet or so. This is where the trail starts to get really rocky, and it’s not much fun walking over it — makes footing difficult and impedes usual walking progress. The best part was a stop off the trail at a local mayor’s house (he opens it to thru-hikers), a stop which I had been anticipating since hearing of it nearly 700 miles previously from the first group of northbounders I met (so incredibly noteworthy), but I mention this only to say that NJ wasn’t entirely uneventful.


You don’t want anything in Pennsylvania because the trail is so rocky. As I recall the explanation was the trail area was clear-cut way back, topsoil got washed away, and all that was left were rocks — rocks with little elevation of any sort and not many views. I enjoyed various non-trail parts of the state (perhaps most notably the Doyle hotel in Duncannon and 501 Shelter where you can order delivery pizza — I kid you not), but that’s probably because I have a hard time really disliking things; I’m usually quite apathetic.


I don’t know much about Maryland; I walked through it in a day with barely a stop. There’s nothing special to it in terms of trail that I recall, although I wish I’d been able to stop at the George Washington monument (not that one) and the backpacker campsite replete with a bathroom with showers and flush toilets just a few tenths of a mile from a restaurant (no, it wasn’t a mirage).

West Virginia

West Virginia’s section of trail is short and not too featureful as far as the hiking goes. You walk past Harpers Ferry and that’s about it, excepting a stretch where you basically follow the state line with Virginia for ten or so miles, and that’s not too memorable except for being termed “the roller coaster” for having a series of ten hills to climb and descend without any views, due to the narrowness of the trail corridor in that section.


Virginia’s a huge state trail-wise; you can get pretty much anything you want in the way of trail through there save above-treeline hiking.

The first fifty or so miles are uneventful save for the Blackburn Trail Center (summer home for a caretaker who makes thru-hikers feel welcome) and its accompanying camping/shelter and the Bear’s Den Hostel, both awesome places (only wish my schedule had allowed for staying overnight at both places as they’re about five miles apart; I heard of others who did). Next is Shenandoah, which I passed through fairly quickly; its claim to fame is a preponderance of black bears (they’re vastly more afraid of you than vice versa) and hordes of near-tame deer due to stupid tourists feeding them. (I had an encounter with a deer on the trail where it wouldn’t move off the trail when I was ten feet away from it shouting at it.) You need a permit to hike through, but I don’t think it costs anything as long as you walk in (but I don’t recall exactly the details or how that applies to section hikers). I’d not hike through Shenandoah as it’s too full of people.

South of Shenandoah you hit real elevation (this side of the Mississippi) again (4000+ feet) for the first time since either Massachusetts or Vermont; there are some great views and climbs around The Priest in that area. You’re hiking in the vicinity of the Blue Ridge Parkway, and unfortunately hitchhiking is prohibited along that road, so travel to resupply is slightly more difficult if you’re going far enough to need to do that. Fall apple season is pretty good as you walk by a lot of wild apple trees.

South more past Daleville and beyond the BRP is a nice section with the Tinker Cliffs, McAfee Knob, and Dragon’s Tooth — a very nice section of trail with some good scenery, but there’s elevation change to deal with. It’s not Maine, so there are switchbacks, and it seemed pretty nice overall to me, if slightly tiresome. South of that thirty or forty miles is mostly unremarkable down to Pearisburg, VA.

South of there is nice but not particularly memorable until you hit Mount Rogers National Recreation Area. There’s about sixty miles from there south to Damascus, VA and the border with Tennessee that’s pretty nice — good views, feral ponies to keep you company (I kid you not), and still a bit of openness. Damascus is super-friendly, and a church in the area runs a hostel for hikers (they ask $10/night donation as I recall).


Damascus south into TN has a very nice stretch of trail where, for about 100 miles, there’s a hostel every 25 miles. Whether this appeals or not probably depends to a good extent on whether one is a thru-hiker or not; a group a bit ahead of me stayed at all four on consecutive nights, but I delayed for a long time at the first one (Kincora, vaguely near Hampton, TN) for too long talking to Bob Peoples, the guy who owns it (extremely well-known trail maintainer, awesome guy), so I only stayed at three of them, with one skipped and those “two” days covered in three. There’s some nice trail in this area passing through the Roan Highlands, a series of treeless balds at reasonable elevation (not above treeline, just covered in grass for unknown reasons). Down from there to Hot Springs is decent — you get nice sidewise views of mountains and such — but not great. Hot Springs to the Smoky Mountains was unmemorable, but that’s probably partly because I did it in roughly a day to get to a hostel just outside it.

The Smoky Mountains

The Smoky Mountains aren’t all that fun. Maybe if you visit during the week it’s okay — if you’re a thru-hiker, and only in the fall — but the system they have is very rigid and structured because they can’t handle people showing up whenever. You have to get a permit and make reservations to stay at specific sites, and it’s not at all conducive to just hiking what you choose to hike. It’s also crowded; I’d avoid it.

North Carolina

The pure North Carolina section (the Smokies and a bit previous follow the border more or less) is pretty nice, but it has elevation. I’d say Sassafras Gap Shelter south to Siler Bald Shelter is a nice thirty or so miles; that’s probably influenced by my having hiked them during spring break previously, so it was fun to look at what I’d hiked previously (and laugh at how much time it took to do it).


Georgia’s decent — you pass over several mountains and have good views — but at least when I was there it was pretty windy, excepting my very last day, thankfully. It’s only 70 miles, so there’s not a whole lot of it, and I was eager to finish (for more than just finishing, too, as I’d scheduled a plane flight earlier than I should have and ended up hiking 32.1, 29.9, 17.8 [through constant rain], and 30.5 miles my last four days to make a plane flight out of Atlanta — not exactly a leisurely end to it all). Also, Springer Mountain at the end is in the middle of nowhere, and it takes a considerable amount of effort to get back to civilization from it.


I think Vermont was the best state of the trail. It had good hiking, mountains, views, not too many people, and friendly towns and hostels off the trail. I’d recommend hiking there, personally, but if something else here strikes a fancy, go for it. As they say on the trail, Hike Your Own Hike.


  1. Should this be on Planet Mozilla?

    Uhmm…. no!

    [Don’t want it in your planet feed? Next and Delete are easy to reach.]

    Comment by observer — 25.03.09 @ 16:30

  2. Are your comments about hiking speed in NC last spring a slight put-down of your hiking partner????

    [You know as well as I do that while I was in better shape than you were, I was still in nowhere near good enough shape to hike 22.8 miles (from Rufus Morgan under a mile south of NOC to Siler Bald Shelter, six miles south of Wayah Bald) through that area in a single day. 15-18 miles, maybe, if I really pushed, but certainly not over 20 (and not enjoyably in any case). Also, we took breaks frequently enough that there simply wouldn’t have been time in the day to hike that far even if we’d hiked constantly from sunrise to sunset. I stopped a handful of times that day on the thru-hike, which was markedly less than the once-an-hour pace I seem to remember us taking on our loop hike (considering I hiked perhaps 11 hours that day, including some pretty long breaks).]

    Comment by Dad — 04.04.09 @ 14:51

  3. Thanks for taking the time to note. I’ve only done about 56 miles of the Mt Rogers area( va) with my son, and I’m looking for a good summer hike. Looks like it may be vermont although everyone I’ve talked to downplays VT and says how muddy and raining it is all the time. It nice to hear a positive comment- I stayed in Shrewsbury, Vt camping-not hiking last summer and had a wonderful time and thought the state of VT was awesome.

    [The weather will be what it will be. I had three really wet days in Vermont, but that was out of eleven in an unusually wet year (one day in New Hampshire two days before Vermont saw three inches of rain), and I had worse at other times on the trail. Maybe it really does rain more there (I haven’t actually checked), but I’m not inclined to believe random anecdotes that could as easily have been unlucky as foredoomed. That said, Vermont’s nickname on the trail (albeit one I only heard on the day I left Vermont) is Vermud, so caveat emptor.]

    Comment by ken — 11.04.09 @ 10:36

  4. Have you tried hiking trails outside the US. I invite you to take the 250km challenge of the Great North Walk.

    [Mostly haven’t. A.T. was there, it “was what it was” (the big trail in the country, that is), and it was significantly more accessible (and cheaper than going outside the country, especially important since I was finishing college and didn’t have money from a job yet) than anything else in-country or out, so it won out. I’ve picked up a few ideas for other trails to hike, eventually, but nothing’s likely to happen for at least a couple years or so — things to do, vacation time to save up, and so on.]

    Comment by Chrys — 21.10.09 @ 19:10

  5. I am from the UK and after reading this I am very tempted to do a bit of hiking in this area. It sounds amazing!

    Comment by John Reece — 25.03.11 @ 08:06

  6. I am a teacher and was thinking about spending JULY hiking some of the AT. Which part would you suggest. I’m rather novice and slow, but wanted to give it a try. I’d love your suggestions!

    Comment by saltyatlas — 13.03.12 @ 07:25

  7. Maine’s probably not a good idea — too big to really do well if you consider yourself a novice. Pennsylvania’s rocks will make it a bit monotonous, and distances can get a bit long at times. Virginia’s got some pretty nice stretches — Tinker Cliffs, McAfee Knob, and Dragon’s Tooth are probably the best parts of it, with the Mount Rogers area at the south end also pretty nice. Vermont’s quite nice throughout, as I noted. If you’re spending the entire month hiking, really, you’ll go far enough that anything you hike will have good stretches and not-quite-as-good stretches to it (unless you shuttled around from good part to good part, but it seems quite a hassle to me). Aside from avoiding Maine and Pennsylvania, pretty much anywhere will have nice things to it.

    Comment by Jeff — 13.03.12 @ 09:35

  8. My husband and I are looking to do a week in late June early July. We are frequent hikers but new backpackers. We would be traveling to the trail from either upstate NY or Tennesse, but I don’t mind driving to another state to get to the trail. Any suggestion?

    Comment by Megan — 28.03.12 @ 18:35

  9. In New York, I understand Harriman State Park to have a fair amount of trail within it (only 15 miles of Appalachian Trail, but if I remember right the rest of it has ~200 miles or so to explore). That might not be a bad place to look. If you do pass through, West Mountain Shelter is 0.4 miles off the A.T. and supposedly has good views of New York City if it’s clear enough (it wasn’t when I passed through). Also, the stretch heading south from the road crossing into Pawling, down to Bear Mountain or so, is fairly nice (although it doesn’t have many shelters in parts).

    In Tennessee, honestly, pretty much any part from the Smoky Mountains boundary north to Virginia is nice. When I was passing through (early to mid-October) it was starting to get cold, so I was moving a little bit faster, but in June/July that’s not going to be an issue. (Well, it’ll be somewhat cooler than at lower elevations, but not so much cool to the point where you’re likely to need long underwear, gloves, or other winter clothing to cope.) Anything near the balds is going to be pretty solid for backpacking, I’d say, with among the best views you’re going to get outside of New Hampshire and Maine (and a few bits of Virginia).

    As far as distance goes, if you’re talking a week of hiking, and you’re in good shape, 10-15 miles a day should be pretty doable, especially if you’ve hiked a bit before. Exactly how much will depend on the pace you want to keep. Also worth considering is your transportation. If you can arrange travel to/from two places, that widens your options considerably, because then you don’t have to hike a loop. Shuttling’s certainly possible, but it’s also a hassle, and it’s one I’ve never arranged and so can’t say much about.

    Comment by Jeff — 14.04.12 @ 00:06

  10. Wow! I am so happy and thankful to read your reviews of the states’ ATs. You have saved me much time and money. So much time and money. Agree with your “masochist” accurate description of some of Maine’s. I agree with another commenter on youtube who said that to call some of the trail there a “trail,” amounts to outright fraud.

    Comment by Bob Milnove — 20.01.16 @ 03:53

  11. I can’t figure out if the purpose of this trail is to provide useful information about the trail or to discourage people from hiking since it’s so boring and uneventful.

    Comment by Fenn — 31.03.17 @ 07:07

  12. My assumption is people not thru-hiking, looking for advice, will want sections of trail that are either easier with some payoff, or have a good payoff for the effort. Hence my suggesting avoiding sections without payoff, or very strenuous sections without similar payoff. But of course as I said in the last paragraph, people should do with this information whatever they want, to hike wherever they want.

    Comment by Jeff — 26.09.17 @ 16:16

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